The UK 2050 target and five-year carbon budgets are binding on the government. The UK's Climate Change Act 2008 requires the Secretary of State to ensure that emissions in the UK reach net zero by 2050, to set carbon budgets with a view to meeting that 2050 target, and to propose policies to enable those carbon budgets to be met. While the Secretary of State has the legislated authority to alter climate targets, carbon budgets and the baseline, the legislation establishes clear rules for how, and under which conditions, they can be amended. The Secretary of State must regularly report to Parliament on progress. Separately, the independent Committee on Climate Change must do the same. However, the Act does not set out penalties on the government, should it fail to reach a target or exceed its budget.
Clarification: "The case for a national Climate Act" (Ecolog News June 19, 2020)
EcoLog, 6/26/2020 9:35:00 AM